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Husrev Pasa 422
Istanbul, Suleymaniye Kutuphanesi (in index)
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© Suleymaniye Kutuphanesi, Istanbul
Accession Number:
Husrev Pasa 422
Gregorian Date:
17th century (or previous)
Folios extant in ms.:
Columns x Rows:
4 x 25
Page Size (h x w):
350 x 249 mm
Text Size (h x w):
230 x 134 mm
Sample Page Folio:
Ms Type:
Ms Status:
Completion Status:
Ready to upload to website
Illuminations in ms:
Illustrations in ms:
41 ( 34 Shahnama 7 other [ Narimannma? ] )
Illustration Records in archive:
Last updated by:
Date last updated:
2009-02-24 00:02
Public Notes
A manuscript of large dimensions and a handsome volume in indifferent binding, boards within faded and torn green cloth, with damaged flap. Inner covers of marbled paper.

The first 70 ff. are of some still unidentified verse epic (possibly a Narimannama) in the Sistan cycle, beginning abruptly in mid poem; the Shahnama then follows on a further 529 folios, numbered consecutively in Roman numerals (followed here), and starting again from 1v in Arabic numerals.

The calligraphy and paper are of excellent quality; the text is within a jadval ruled with red, gold and blue lines, columns ruled in gold. New text has been supplied on ff. 263-6 and 338-43, perhaps to replace damaged or missing pages. There is some further disorder in the ms., yet to be investigated: two illustrated folios at least are out of order, one in the reign of Anushirvan (f. 507v), and one more spectacularly near the end of the ms. (f. 577v). The final painting, too, appears to relate to a scene from one of the epics contained at the start of the volume (see above).

As noted, the Shahnama starts without any preface, on f. 71v, incip. normative, under a nice 'unvan. Thereafter, text headings are in blue and red ink, but many are missing, especially before illustrations.

Most illustrated pages are heralded by a folio of diagonal script (chalipa), which sometimes comes after painting also. One peculiarity of the text is that the margins contain several notes, words and comments, by way of explaining the meaning of the text.

The ms. contains 41 miniatures, 7 of which illustrate the opening epic(s). The main medium is opaque watercolour; a lot of gold is used too. On the whole, the choice of scenes is normative, most of them being popular subjects; there is one unique scene, of Anushirvan's debate with Mazdak (f. 466r). The placement of the paintings is close to the relevant verses, and the text itself is generally close to the standard editions.

There is no colophon; the text ends with verse: har an kas kih darad...// pas az marg bar man kunad afrarin

Various stylistic markers should help idenitfy and date the ms. - which contains superb paintings of horses, and at least two different styles or artists. (Ch.M.).

Illustration in archive - 42     (back to top)

f. 019r
Scene from another epic
f. 034v
Scene from another epic
f. 041r
Scene from another epic
f. 045r
Scene from another epic
f. 052r
Scene from another epic
f. 063v
Scene from another epic
f. 069r
Scene from another epic
f. 071v
Illuminated unvan
f. 074r
Kayumars enthroned
f. 083r
Faridun defeats Zahhak
f. 124r
Rustam lifts Afrasiyab by the belt
f. 130r
Rustam's third labour: he kills a dragon
f. 135r
Rustam overpowers the King of Mazandaran
f. 142r
Rustam and the Iranians hunt in Afrasiyab's preserves
f. 156v
Rustam mortally wounds Suhrab
f. 165v
The fire ordeal of Siyavush
f. 191v
Giv finds Kay Khusrau in Turan
f. 199r
Kay Khusrau returns in triumph from the conquest of Bahman's castle
f. 231v
Rustam kills Ashkabus and his horse
f. 234v
Rustam captures and kills Kamus
f. 243r
Rustam pulls the Khaqan of Chin from his elephant by lasso
f. 250r
Rustam remounts while Puladvand escapes
f. 253r
Akvan Div flings Rustam into the sea
f. 256v
Bizhan slaughters the wild boar
f. 277r
Bizhan and Human wrestle for the first time
f. 294r
Kay Khusrau throws Shida to the ground
f. 309v
The execution of Garsivaz
f. 347r
Kuhram returns to Arjasp's fortress
f. 353r
Rustam kicks aside the rock pushed by Bahman
f. 364v
Rustam shoots Isfandiyar in the eyes with a double-pointed arrow
f. 381r
Iskandar attends the dying Dara
f. 388r
Iskandar kills Fur
f. 426r
Bahram Gur hunts in the company of Azada
f. 453v
Bahram Gur kills a wolf in India
f. 466r
Anushirvan debates with Mazdak
f. 497v
Talhand dies on the back of his elephant during the battle
f. 507v
Anushirvan's first majlis for Buzurjmihr
f. 525r
Bahram Chubina fights Parmuda, the son of Sava Shah
f. 551v
Bahram Chubina kills Kut the Roman
f. 577v
Farud shoots Tus's horse from under him
f. 580r
Shirin unveils herself before Shiruy and his courtiers
f. 596r
Scene from another epic