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2005.1.268 (Ms 11)
Geneva, Aga Khan Trust for Culture (in index)
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© Aga Khan Trust for Culture
This record is incomplete and has not been verified by the project. It is a work in progress. Use this information with caution.
Accession Number:
2005.1.268 (Ms 11)
Title of Work:
Shahnama (Teignmouth)
Hijri Date:
861 Rabi' I 1
Gregorian Date:
1457 February 4
Sadruddin Aga Khan, 1969. Ex Kevorkian collection, 1952. Ex Sir William Ousley collection, 1827. Ex Baron Teignmouth collection, 1775
Mahmud b. Muhammad b. Mahmud al-Jamali
Folios extant in ms.:
Estimated num folios in ms.:
Columns x Rows:
4 x 25
Page Size (h x w):
338 x 245 mm
Text Size (h x w):
215 x 161 mm
Ms Type:
Ms Status:
Completion Status:
Search not completed
Illuminations in ms:
Illustrations in ms:
51 ( 2 frontispiece(s) 49 Shahnama )
Illustration Records in archive:
Last updated by:
Date last updated:
2009-12-01 17:37
Public Notes
This manuscript was given to John Shore, first Baron Teignmouth (1751-1834), by his instructor in Indian languages about 1775. The book’s earlier history and the date of its move from Iran to India are not known. Some time after it came into the possession of Baron Teignmouth, the manuscript was nearly lost in the Ganges when the boat transporting it capsized. The memory of this unfortunate event is preserved by the book’s margins, most of which are waterstained. After Baron Teignmouth returned to Great Britain, the manuscript was loaned to the noted Orientalist, Sir William Ouseley, whose 17 July 1827, letter of thanks is appended to this book. The Teignmouth Shahnama became part of the Kevorkian collection on 16 June 1952, and entered the present collection on 1 December 1969. Nothing is known about the scribe Mahmud ibn Muhammad ibn Mahmud al-Jamali, other than the fact that he was responsible for the text of two other manuscripts: an 857(1453) Divan of the early Timurid mystical poet Qasim al-Anwar and an 867 (1463) Khamsa of Amir Khusrau Dihlavi.

Binding is early 19th c. dark blue leather, by H. Walter. Grey marbled paper doublures.

Project Notes
NB all details added/changed according to datasheeets of Afsaneh F. Some folios still have missing record, and some differ from previous catalogues etc. E.g, are there 52 (as originally noted) or 51 miniatures (AF recorded 53!). Ideally, all to check one day. No images still.

NB is there a fol. 169 of Rustam vs. Ashkabus - currently mislocated under the Isma'il II SN entry?

NB Priscilla Soucek gave a (? still unpublished) paper on this ms. at the Edinburgh Shahnama conference.

Still to complete references etc.

General Ref:
Sims, E. The illustrated manuscripts of Firdausi's Shahnama commissioned by princes of the house of Timur. (in Ars Orientalis) 22 (1993) pp. 43-68
Dating Ref:
Colophon Extracted from the colophon of the work.
Origin Ref:
Welch, A. Collection of Islamic art. Prince Saddrudin Agha Khan. 3 Geneva. Switzerland.
Illustration Ref:
W., F.K. Persian and Indian Miniatures.. (in Pennsylvania Mus. Bull.) 19 pp. 108-12
Illustration in archive - 51     (back to top)

sample page
f. 001v
Frontispiece (verso side) (1457)
f. 002r
Frontispiece (recto side) (1457)
f. 011v
Kayumars enthroned (1457)
f. 018v
Faridun fords the Dijla on the way to fight Zahhak (1457)
f. 026r
The murder of Iraj (1457)
f. 030r
Manuchihr kills Tur in battle (1457)
f. 033r
The Simurgh carries Zal to her nest (1457)
f. 038r
Rudaba lets down her hair for Zal to climb up (1457)
f. 050v
Rustam kills Zal's white elephant (1457)
f. 057v
Zal shoots Gulbad (1457)
f. 061r
Rustam catches Rakhsh (1457)
f. 068v
Rustam's first labour: Rakhsh kills a lion (1457)
f. 072r
Rustam's seventh labour: he kills the White Div (1457)
f. 081r
Kay Kavus airborne (1457)
f. 085r
Tahmina visits Rustam's chamber (1457)
f. 092v
The first combat of Rustam and Suhrab (1457)
f. 102v
The fire ordeal of Siyavush (1457)
f. 111v
Siyavush plays polo before Afrasiyab (1457)
f. 122v
Guruy executes Siyavush (1457)
f. 128v
Rustam kills Pilsam (1457)
f. 139v
Kay Khusrau enthroned (1457)
f. 178v
Rustam pulls the Khaqan of Chin from his elephant by lasso (1457)
f. 187v
Akvan Div flings Rustam into the sea (1457)
f. 190v
Bizhan slaughters the wild boar (1457)
f. 201v
Bizhan and Rustam after the rescue from the pit (1457)
f. 212v
Bizhan and Human wrestle for the first time (1457)
f. 226r
The eleventh combat: Gudarz kills Piran (1457)
f. 238v
Kay Khusrau throws Shida to the ground (1457)
f. 246v
Kay Khusrau gives a safe conduct to Afrasiyab's family (1457)
f. 257r
The execution of Garsivaz (1457)
f. 271v
Gushtasp kills a wolf in Rum (1457)
f. 273v
Gushtasp kills a dragon in Rum (1457)
f. 291v
Jamasp releases Isfandiyar (1457)
f. 297r
Isfandiyar's fourth labour: he kills the sorceress (1457)
f. 307v
Rustam kicks aside the rock pushed by Bahman (1457)
f. 313r
Rustam boasts about his strength (1457)
f. 320r
Rustam shoots Isfandiyar in the eyes with a double-pointed arrow (1457)
f. 332r
Humay recognizes the child as her son (1457)
f. 337v
Iskandar attends the dying Dara (1457)
f. 348r
Iskandar visits Qaydafa disguised as a messenger (1457)
f. 361v
Ardashir hunts with Ardavan's sons (1457)
f. 369v
Ardashir recognizes Shapur during a polo game (1457)
f. 382v
Shapur's night attack on Caesar's camp (1457)
f. 389r
Bahram Gur shows his prowess on the hunting grounds (1457)
f. 394r
Bahram Gur fights two lions to win the throne (1457)
f. 406r
Bahram Gur hunts lions (1457)
f. 416v
Bahram Gur kills a dragon in India (1457)
f. 451v
Anushirvan receives the Khaqan's daughter (1457)
f. 474r
Bahram Chubina sends Sava Shah's head to Hurmuzd (1457)
f. 489v
Bahram Chubina's night attack on the camp of Khusrau Parviz (1457)
f. 514r
Gurdiya is given a warm reception by Khusrau Parviz (1457)