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Ms. or. fol. 209
 
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Berlin, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin (in index)
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Colophon
© Berlin, Staatsbibliotheek zu Berlin - Preussischer Kulturbesitz - Orientabteilung
Details
Accession Number:
Ms. or. fol. 209
Hijri Date:
1077 Muharram 12
Gregorian Date:
1666 July 14
Origin:
Isfahan
Ownership:
Davud Biga mentioned in the epilogue as the owner of this work.
Calligrapher:
Maulana Murad 'Ali, Maulana Ibrahim Qazvini
Folios extant in ms.:
603
Columns x Rows:
4 x 7
Page Size (h x w):
345 x 235 mm
Text Size (h x w):
290 x 180 mm
Script:
Nasta'liq
Colophon Folio:
603r
Sample Page Folio:
17r
Ms Type:
Anthology
Ms Status:
Incomplete
Completion Status:
Ready to upload to website
Illuminations in ms:
2
Illustrations in ms:
167 ( 114 Shahnama 7 Garshaspnama 33 Barzunama 13 other )
Illustration Records in archive:
Last updated by:
charles
Date last updated:
0000-00-00 00:00:00
 
Public Notes
The Shahnama here is part of a large ganjina, which entered the library in the second quarter of the 19th century. A detailed description not only of the contents but also of the complicated layout was already published by Rudiger in 1862. The volume opens with five prefaces. According to the fourth (this one in Turkish), a person called Fuzuli was responsible for the selection of the texts, compiled in 1666. The intention - as elaborated in a fifth (Persian) preface - was to assemble texts suited to fulfil the role of a good companion on a journey. The date of the compilation is corroborated there by a dedication to the Safavid Shah Safi al-Husaini (1666-94). At the end of the volume, the colophon names a certain Davud Beg as the owner.

Starting with the table of contents (ff. 8v-9r) the texts are arranged in the following way: The main division of the page is between a central area and a margin column surrounding it on three sides. Of the central area, however, only the middle part, extending over four columns (width: 150 mm; height: c. 70 mm = usually 7 lines), contains the text of the Shahnama up to the death of Afrasyab, including a smaller interpolation from the Garshaspnama, and - following the story of Suhrab - the Barzunama.

The volume has a European binding. Everywhere in the manuscript the nasta'liq writing has professional quality. It was executed, as far as Persian texts are concerned, by Maulana Murad 'Ali Tijani (?), and Maulana Ibrahim Qazvini who copied the Turkish works.

The manuscript opens with a double-page frontispiece (ff. 1v-2r), the background of which was thinly coloured with blue, green and gold, which has lost its shine and now appears as ochre. The use of gold for the tendrils and of orange for the outlining of larger decorative elements can be seen more clearly in the heading on f. 6v. Small decorative squares filled with plants, animals, arabesques or tile ornaments, are spread throughout the text and coloured paper is used for many pages.

The 167 illustrations in the ms. are concentrated on the Shahnama. The small miniatures, which (with few exceptions) cover the space of the two middle columns and were always painted directly on the paper, were executed by different hands. Whereas the Persian miniatures with their firm drawing, slightly modelled faces and clearly set off details are most probably contemporary with the copying of the text, this seems less sure of the pictures in 'Indian' style, although Stchoukine attributes them to Indian artists working in Isfahan, about the same time. Neither illustration nor illumination, including rubrics, were completed as the spaces left free in the last third of the manuscript show.

(Karin Ruhrdanz)

Bibliography:

E. Rödiger, “Mittheilungen zur Handschriftenkunde 2”, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 16 (1862), pp. 227-34, no. 5.

W. Pertsch, Die Handschriftenverzeichnisse der königlichen Bibliothek zu Berlin, 4: Verzeichnis der persischen Handschriften, Berlin, 1888, pp. 60-66, no. 18.

I. Stchoukine, B. Flemming, P. Luft & H. Sohrweide, Illuminierte islamische Handschriften, Wiesbaden, 1971, pp. 93-100, no. 33.

 
References
Dating Ref:
Colophon Extracted from the colophon of the work.
Origin Ref:
Stchoukine, I. et al. Illuminierte Islamische Handschriften. (in Orientalische Handschriften in Deutschland) 16 (1971) Franz Steiner Verlag GMBH. Wiesbaden. Germany.
Illustration Ref:
Stchoukine, I. et al. Illuminierte Islamische Handschriften. (in Orientalische Handschriften in Deutschland) 16 (1971) Franz Steiner Verlag GMBH. Wiesbaden. Germany.
 
 
Illustration in archive - 167     (back to top)
603r
colophon
17r
sample page
f. 017v
Tahmuras enthroned (1666)
f. 023r
Iblis tempts Zahhak to murder his father Mirdas (1666)
f. 024v
Zahhak mesmerised by Iblis, appearing as a cook (1666)
f. 032r
Scene from another epic (1666)
f. 037r
Scene from another epic (1666)
f. 045v
Scene from the Garshaspnama (1666)
f. 047v
Scene from the Garshaspnama (1666)
f. 051v
Scene from the Garshaspnama (1666)
f. 053r
Scene from the Garshaspnama (1666)
f. 057v
Scene from the Garshaspnama (1666)
f. 071r
Kava carries his standard (1666)
f. 072r
Kava carries his standard (1666)
f. 074r
Faridun fords the Dijla on the way to fight Zahhak (1666)
f. 075v
Faridun with Jamshid's daughters (1666)
f. 076r
Faridun with Jamshid's daughters (1666)
f. 079v
Faridun defeats Zahhak (1666)
f. 080r
Faridun defeats Zahhak (1666)
f. 082r
Zahhak brought before Faridun (1666)
f. 084r
Scene from the Narimannama (1666)
f. 084v
Scene from the Narimannama (1666)
f. 091r
Scene from the Samnama (1666)
f. 099r
The king of Yemen tests the sons of Faridun with magic (1666)
f. 100v
Faridun tests his sons (1666)
f. 111v
The murder of Iraj (1666)
f. 113r
The head of Iraj is brought to Faridun (1666)
f. 117v
Salm and Tur send a second message to Faridun (1666)
f. 126v
Faridun receives Manuchihr's victory message (1666)
f. 127r
Faridun receives Manuchihr's victory message (1666)
f. 132v
The Simurgh bids farewell to Sam's son (1666)
f. 133r
The Simurgh brings Zal to Sam (1666)
f. 134v
The Simurgh brings Zal to Sam (1666)
f. 135r
Sam brings Zal from mountains (1666)
f. 136r
Prince Zal is presented to Manuchihr (1666)
f. 141v
Zal meets Mihrab of Kabul (1666)
f. 142r
Zal meets Mihrab of Kabul (1666)
f. 143r
Zal meets Mihrab of Kabul (1666)
f. 145r
Sam before Manuchihr (1666)
f. 146r
Scene from the Samnama (1666)
f. 147v
Sam before Manuchihr (1666)
f. 148r
Sam before Manuchihr (1666)
f. 149v
Zal goes as an envoy to Manuchihr (1666)
f. 151r
Mihrab hears of Zal (1666)
f. 152r
Sindukht meets Sam (1666)
f. 157r
Zal marries Rudaba (1666)
f. 159v
The birth of Rustam (1666)
f. 160v
(1666)
f. 161r
Rustam kills Zal's white elephant (1666)
f. 163v
(1666)
f. 164v
(1666)
f. 166r
Nauzar enthroned (1666)
f. 167r
Pashang learns of the death of Manuchihr (1666)
f. 169r
(1666)
f. 169v
(1666)
f. 173v
(1666)
f. 175r
(1666)
f. 176v
Afrasiyab executes Nauzar (1666)
f. 178r
(1666)
f. 179r
(1666)
f. 180v
(1666)
f. 182v
Rustam kills Qulun (1666)
f. 183r
Kay Qubad enthroned (1666)
f. 184v
Kay Kavus enthroned (1666)
f. 185v
A minstrel div tempts Kay Kavus to invade Mazandaran (1666)
f. 189r
Rustam's second labour: he finds a spring and kills an onager (1666)
f. 189v
Rustam's first labour: Rakhsh kills a lion (1666)
f. 190v
Rustam's second labour: he finds a spring and kills an onager (1666)
f. 192v
Rustam's third labour: he kills a dragon (1666)
f. 194v
Rustam's fourth labour: he kills the witch (1666)
f. 196r
Rustam's fifth labour: he lassoes Aulad (1666)
f. 198v
Rustam's sixth labour: he kills Arzhang (1666)
f. 199r
Rustam confronts the divs after killing Arzhang (1666)
f. 201v
Rustam's seventh labour: he kills the White Div (1666)
f. 204r
Rustam travels to Mazandaran with a message from Kay Kavus (1666)
f. 207v
Rustam fights the Mazandarani champion Juya (1666)
f. 209r
The King of Mazandaran changes himself into a rock (1666)
f. 210r
The King of Mazandaran changes himself into a rock (1666)
f. 213r
Kay Kavus marries Sudaba (1666)
f. 215v
Afrasiyab attacks the land of Iran (1666)
f. 217v
Rustam fights the armies of three Kings (1666)
f. 218v
Guraza captures the Shah of Barbaristan (1666)
f. 219v
Rustam parleys with the King of Hamavaran (1666)
f. 221v
Kay Kavus sends a message to Caesar and Afrasiyab (1666)
f. 222v
A div tempts Kay Kavus (1666)
f. 223r
A div tempts Kay Kavus (1666)
f. 224r
Kay Kavus airborne (1666)
f. 227r
Rustam and the Iranians hunt in Afrasiyab's preserves (1666)
f. 230v
Rustam fights the Turanians (1666)
f. 231v
Rustam fights the Turanians (1666)
f. 233r
Rustam kills Alkus in combat (1666)
f. 234v
Rustam tries to lasso Afrasiyab (1666)
f. 237v
Tahmina visits Rustam's chamber (1666)
f. 239v
The birth of Suhrab (1666)
f. 241r
Suhrab chooses his horse (1666)
f. 243v
Suhrab fights Gurdafarid (1666)
f. 244v
Suhrab fights Gurdafarid (1666)
f. 245v
Gurdafarid talks to Suhrab (1666)
f. 247v
Kay Kavus recalls Rustam from Zabulistan (1666)
f. 250r
Rustam knocks down Tus in the presence of Kay Kavus (1666)
f. 252v
Kay Kavus apologises to Rustam for his behaviour (1666)
f. 254v
Rustam kills Zhinda Razm (1666)
f. 256r
The first combat of Rustam and Suhrab (1666)
f. 257v
The first combat of Rustam and Suhrab (1666)
f. 260r
Rustam and Suhrab part after their first combat (1666)
f. 263v
Suhrab overthrows Rustam in their second combat (1666)
f. 265v
Rustam mortally wounds Suhrab (1666)
f. 266v
Rustam discovers Suhrab's identity (1666)
f. 269v
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 270v
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 272r
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 273v
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 274r
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 278r
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 279v
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 281v
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 283v
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 286v
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 287v
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 290r
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 293v
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 295v
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 297v
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 302r
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 305v
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 309r
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 311v
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 315r
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 316r
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 320v
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 322r
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 326r
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 327v
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 329r
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 330v
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 334r
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 335v
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 337r
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 338r
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 339r
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 340r
Scene from the Barzunama (1666)
f. 341v
Tus and Gudarz encounter a maiden in the forest (1666)
f. 345r
Siyavush returns from Zabulistan (1666)
f. 349r
Siyavush in Sudaba's private quarters (1666)
f. 350v
Siyavush visits Sudaba's quarters a second time (1666)
f. 351v
Siyavush visits Sudaba's quarters a second time (1666)
f. 353v
Siyavush in Sudaba's quarters for the third time (1666)
f. 356v
Sudaba turns to a witch for counsel (1666)
f. 360r
The fire ordeal of Siyavush (1666)
f. 361r
The fire ordeal of Siyavush (1666)
f. 366r
Siyavush defeats Garsivaz (1666)
f. 367v
Siyavush defeats Garsivaz (1666)
f. 371r
Afrasiyab is frightened by a nightmare (1666)
f. 374r
Garsivaz brings gifts to Siyavush from Afrasiyab (1666)
f. 376v
Siyavush sends Rustam to Kay Kavus (1666)
f. 377r
Siyavush sends Rustam to Kay Kavus (1666)