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M.540
 
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Colophon
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This record is incomplete and has not been verified by the project. It is a work in progress. Use this information with caution.
Details
Accession Number:
M.540
Hijri Date:
1254 Ramadan 1
Gregorian Date:
1838 November 17
Origin:
Lahore
Ownership:
Comte Filippo Battaglini, of Rimini. Purchased from Enrico Testa, Rome, by Morgan in 1909.Two leaves previously detached were returned to the ms. by a bequest from Belle da Costa Greene.
Folios extant in ms.:
464
Estimated num folios in ms.:
464
Columns x Rows:
4 x 29
Page Size (h x w):
450 x 250 mm
Text Size (h x w):
330 x 164 mm
Script:
Nasta'liq
Colophon Folio:
350r
Sample Page Folio:
25r
Num Other Colophons:
117v
Ms Type:
Codex
Ms Status:
Complete
Completion Status:
Search not completed
Illuminations in ms:
0
Illustrations in ms:
64 ( 64 Shahnama )
Illustration Records in archive:
Last updated by:
charles
Date last updated:
2007-06-10 08:40:35
 
Public Notes
The date in the colophon, 1 Ramadan 1254, is for the completion of Book III, f. 350r; presumably the final book IV was completed some time afterwards (there is no colophon on f. 462r), though not necessasrily quickly: the colophon at the end of Book I (f. 118v) is dated nine years earlier (AH 1245) .

The manuscript has been described in considerable detail by Barbara Schmitz in the Pierpont Morgan catalogue, pp. 184-9, with some illustrations. Some of her scene identifications, however, are incorrect. Schmitz identifies the manuscript as coming from Lahore. The paper is extremely thin, so that the writing often shows through the page: this is particularly so at the beginning and the end.

There are four unvans, one at the start of each daftar (ff. 1v, 118v [the story of Bizhan and Manizha], 226v [Luhrasp], and 351v [Khusrau Anushirvan]).

The pages are decorated with an outer margin of grey-blue; the inner margin is grey-blue, space, 2 thin black, thick gold, and thin black rulings. The text columns are ruled in two thin black with gold lines. The rubric boxes are of two thin black lines. Rubrics are in red.

There are some significant variations in the handwriting (compare ff. 21r with 38r). Several pages are in chalipa script, unadorned, e.g. on f. 25v.

The original binding is now kept separate. It is lacquered but very chipped. The back cover (460 x 255 mm) shows a bare-breasted Shirin behind a screen, approached by Khusrau on horseback. With its hunting dogs and thick black beards, it all looks very Qajar. It is badly damaged. There is an inscription round the side margin. The front cover is better preserved, and again shows a scene from Nizami's Khusrau and Shirin, indicating that it was not originally made for this manuscript. Several pages have not been sufficiently trimmed for the (re)binding, allowing the instructions for the rubrics still to be visible, e.g. on ff. 35 et seqq., 47r et seqq. The European spine of dark green leather is stamped with Shah Nameh in gold.

The doublures are of red, blue and white marbled paper.

There is no prose Preface; the start of the poem is normative.  
 
References
General Ref:
Schmitz, B. et al. Islamic and Indian manuscripts and paintings in the Pierpont Morgan Library. The Pierpont Morgan Library. New York. USA.
Dating Ref:
Colophon Extracted from the colophon of the work.
Origin Ref:
Schmitz, B. et al. Islamic and Indian manuscripts and paintings in the Pierpont Morgan Library. The Pierpont Morgan Library. New York. USA.
Folio Ref:
Schmitz, B. et al. Islamic and Indian manuscripts and paintings in the Pierpont Morgan Library. The Pierpont Morgan Library. New York. USA.
Illustration Ref:
Schmitz, B. et al. Islamic and Indian manuscripts and paintings in the Pierpont Morgan Library. The Pierpont Morgan Library. New York. USA.
 
 
Illustration in archive - 70     (back to top)
350r
colophon
f. 006v
Zahhak bound on mount Damavand (1838)
f. 017r
The murder of Iraj (1838)
f. 024v
The Simurgh bids farewell to Sam's son (1838)
f. 027v
(1838)
f. 037v
Sam celebrates Zal's marriage in Sistan (1838)
f. 045v
Zal learns of the death of Nauzar (1838)
f. 052v
Rustam's first labour: Rakhsh kills a lion (1838)
f. 059v
Kay Kavus fights the King of Hamavaran (1838)
f. 071v
(1838)
f. 080v
The fire ordeal of Siyavush (1838)
f. 085v
Siyavush consults Bahram and Zanga (1838)
f. 094r
Siyavush and Garsivaz play polo (1838)
f. 104r
Faramarz captures Surkha, son of Afrasiyab (1838)
f. 110r
(1838)
f. 118v
Illuminated unvan (1838)
f. 124r
Kay Khusrau searches for Bizhan in the magic cup (1838)
f. 129v
Rustam asks Bizhan to forgive Gurgin (1838)
f. 132v
Kay Khusrau sends Gudarz to fight the Turanians (1838)
f. 138v
Bizhan comes to fight Human (1838)
f. 138v
Bizhan comes to fight Human (1838)
f. 147v
Piran consults with his commanders (1838)
f. 147v
Piran consults with his commanders (1838)
f. 155v
In praise of Sultan Mahmud (1838)
f. 155v
In praise of Sultan Mahmud (1838)
f. 162r
A full scale battle between the armies of Iran and Turan (1838)
f. 162r
A full scale battle between the armies of Iran and Turan (1838)
f. 170r
The Iranians repel Afrasiyab's night attack (1838)
f. 178r
Afrasiyab begs Kay Khusrau for mercy (1838)
f. 185v
Zal asks Kay Khusrau for a legacy to Rustam (1838)
f. 195r
Gushtasp before Caesar (1838)
f. 201r
The battle between Gushtasp and Arjasp (1838)
f. 204v
Bidarafsh kills Zarir, the brother of Gushtasp (1838)
f. 208r
(1838)
f. 213v
Arjasp defeats Gushtasp (1838)
f. 213v
Zal greets Bahman (1838)
f. 217v
Gushtasp sends Isfandiyar to war against Arjasp a second time (1838)
f. 231v
Zal greets Bahman (1838)
f. 237v
Rustam boasts about his strength (1838)
f. 241v
Isfandiyar discusses the coming conflict with Rustam with his brother Pashutan (1838)
f. 242v
Rustam and Rakhsh wounded by the arrows of Isfandiyar (1838)
f. 246r
(1838)
f. 253r
Zal learns of Rustam's death (1838)
f. 254v
The coronation of Bahman (1838)
f. 261v
Darab receives the crown (1838)
f. 262v
Darab fights against Faylakus and marries his daughter (1838)
f. 266v
Iskandar with Dara (1838)
f. 267v
The first battle of Iskandar against Dara (1838)
f. 268r
The second battle of Iskandar against Dara (1838)
f. 268v
The second battle of Iskandar against Dara (1838)
f. 270v
Iskandar attends the dying Dara (1838)
f. 276r
Iskandar marries Raushanak (1838)
f. 279r
Iskandar kills Fur (1838)
f. 285v
Iskandar builds a wall against Gog and Magog (1838)
f. 294r
Ardashir defeats Bahman (1838)
f. 300v
Mihrak's daughter converses with Shapur (1838)
f. 326r
(1838)
f. 356v
Anushirvan enthroned (1838)
f. 365v
Anushirvan reveals the sorcery of Zurvan and the Jew (1838)
f. 369r
The battle between the armies of Chin and Haytal (1838)
f. 378v
(1838)
f. 386r
Hurmuzd enthroned (1838)
f. 393v
Bahram Chubina kills the magician (1838)
f. 400v
Khusrau Parviz enthroned (1838)
f. 408r
Bahram Chubina enthroned (1838)
f. 415v
Khusrau Parviz and Bahram Chubina fight a second time (1838)
f. 422r
(1838)
f. 431r
Khusrau Parviz divides his kingdom (1838)
f. 440v
Khusrau Parviz learns about the rebellion of the army (1838)
f. 447r
Mihr Hurmuzd murders Khusrau Parviz (1838)
f. 455r
Sa'd-i Vaqqas kills Rustam (1838)